Review of: Letterman

Reviewed by:
On 14.07.2020
Last modified:14.07.2020


Samurai Kings Es ist vorhanden sind und viele Fans auf der auf der TV-Sender RTL. Der MyVideo gibt es, das Jawort.


Deutschlands führende Nachrichtenseite. Alles Wichtige aus Politik, Wirtschaft, Sport, Kultur, Wissenschaft, Technik und mehr. David Letterman redet kaum über sich - nun tat er es, vor einem Millionenpublikum. Nach einem vereitelten Erpressungsversuch gestand er. David Michael Letterman ist ein ehemaliger Moderator der US-amerikanischen Fernsehsendung Late Show with David Letterman. Außerdem ist er Komiker, Produzent und Miteigentümer des Motorsportteams Rahal Letterman Racing.

Letterman Inhaltsverzeichnis

David Michael Letterman ist ein ehemaliger Moderator der US-amerikanischen Fernsehsendung Late Show with David Letterman. Außerdem ist er Komiker, Produzent und Miteigentümer des Motorsportteams Rahal Letterman Racing. David Michael Letterman (* April in Indianapolis, Indiana) ist ein ehemaliger Moderator der US-amerikanischen Fernsehsendung Late Show with​. Die Late Show with David Letterman war eine einstündige Late-Night-Show, die jeden Abend unter der Woche von CBS aus dem Ed Sullivan Theater am. David Letterman, der große Unterhalter und die Stimme einer Generation, macht heute Nacht Schluss - und Platz für Nachfolger Stephen. David Letterman redet kaum über sich - nun tat er es, vor einem Millionenpublikum. Nach einem vereitelten Erpressungsversuch gestand er. Sendungen, 33 Jahre, 12 Emmys: Dave Letterman war der einflussreichste und coolste Talkmaster Amerikas. Seine letzte "Late Show". Deutschlands führende Nachrichtenseite. Alles Wichtige aus Politik, Wirtschaft, Sport, Kultur, Wissenschaft, Technik und mehr.


Deutschlands führende Nachrichtenseite. Alles Wichtige aus Politik, Wirtschaft, Sport, Kultur, Wissenschaft, Technik und mehr. David Letterman - Biografie, Infos und Bilder - ProSieben - Er benutzt nie dieselbe Krawatte zweimal in seinen Shows – David Letterman ist ein Mann mit. Mit seiner Late-Night hat er das amerikanische Fernsehen geprägt: Seit genau dreißig Jahren ist David Letterman nicht mehr wegzudenken. Längst sind er und​.

Letterman - Star Datenbank

Warum sehe ich FAZ. Es war die am 8.

Letterman Navigation menu Video

David Letterman's tribute to Rodney Dangerfield Der Jährige plant ein Comeback - bei Netflix. Oder ist das alles eine Show? Letterman wurde bislang 45 mal für den Primetime Emmy Award nominiert und wurde zehnmal mit dem Emmy ausgezeichnet. Aktivieren Sie Javascript jetzt, um unsere Artikel wieder lesen zu können. Stars Job von David Letterman nicht abgeneigt prosieben. Sunny Lane der US-Machtbereich wurde expandiert, die Zusammenarbeit Westeuropas mit Russland torpediert Klassentreffen der künftige Profit der die Rüstungsindustrie kontrollierenden Eliten gesteigert - das hört sich für mich nach "mission accomplished" an. Hier können Sie die Rechte an diesem Artikel erwerben. Mit seiner Late-Night hat er das amerikanische Fernsehen geprägt: Seit genau dreißig Jahren ist David Letterman nicht mehr wegzudenken. Längst sind er und​. Die Late-Night-Legende David Letterman ist zurück. Seine Show auf Netflix ist wie ein Rückblick in die USA ohne Trump. Zum Auftakt. David Letterman - Biografie, Infos und Bilder - ProSieben - Er benutzt nie dieselbe Krawatte zweimal in seinen Shows – David Letterman ist ein Mann mit.

Accessed 3 Nov. Comments on letterman What made you want to look up letterman? Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible.

Test Your Vocabulary Where in the World? A Quiz What language does pajama come from? Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Do not confuse these words 'Equity' and 'Equality' What's fair is fair.

The Real Story of 'Disinformation' We'll try to clear it up. We're intent on clearing it up 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'?

We're gonna stop you right there Literally How to use a word that literally drives some pe Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice?

The awkward case of 'his or her' Word Games Where in the World? A Quiz Do you know what languages these words come from? Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

Build a chain of words by adding one letter at a Login or Register. Save Word. In , encouraged by his then-wife Michelle and several of his Sigma Chi fraternity brothers, Letterman moved to Los Angeles , California, with hope of becoming a comedy writer.

He was also screen tested for the lead role in the film Airplane! Letterman's brand of dry, sarcastic humor caught the attention of scouts for The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson , and he was soon a regular guest on the show.

He became a favorite of Carson and was a regular guest host for the show beginning in Letterman credits Carson as the person who influenced his career the most.

It was originally 90 minutes long, but was shortened to 60 minutes in August NBC kept Letterman on their payroll to be able to try him in a different time slot.

It was seen as edgy and unpredictable, and soon developed a cult following particularly among college students. Letterman's reputation as an acerbic interviewer was borne out in verbal sparring matches with Cher [45] who even called him an asshole on the show [46] , Shirley MacLaine , [47] Charles Grodin , and Madonna.

The show also featured comedy segments and running characters, in a style heavily influenced by the s and s programs of Steve Allen.

The show often featured quirky, genre-mocking regular features, including "Stupid Pet Tricks" [49] which had its origins on Letterman's morning show , Stupid Human Tricks, [50] dropping various objects off the roof of a five-story building, [51] demonstrations of unorthodox clothing such as suits made of Alka-Seltzer , [52] Velcro [53] and suet , a recurring Top 10 list , the Monkey-Cam [54] and the Audience Cam , a facetious letter-answering segment, [55] several "Film[s] by My Dog Bob" in which a camera was mounted on Letterman's own dog [56] often with comic results and Small Town News, [57] all of which would eventually move with Letterman to CBS.

In one appearance, in , Andy Kaufman who was wearing a neck brace appeared with professional wrestler Jerry Lawler , who slapped and knocked the comedian to the ground though Lawler and Kaufman's friend Bob Zmuda later revealed that the incident was staged.

The new show debuted on August 30, , and was taped at the historic Ed Sullivan Theater , where Ed Sullivan broadcast his eponymous variety series from to But while the expectation was that Letterman would retain his unique style and sense of humor with the move, Late Show was not an exact replica of his old NBC program.

Recognizing the more formal mood and wider audience of his new time slot and studio, Letterman eschewed his trademark blazer with khaki pants and white wrestling shoes wardrobe combination in favor of expensive shoes, tailored suits and light-colored socks.

The monologue was lengthened. Additionally, because of intellectual property disagreements, Letterman was unable to import many of his Late Night segments verbatim, [62] but he sidestepped this problem by simply renaming them the "Top Ten List" became the "Late Show Top Ten", "Viewer Mail" became the "CBS Mailbag", etc.

Time magazine stated that "Letterman's innovation But in , ratings dipped and Leno's show consistently beat Letterman's in the ratings from the time that Hugh Grant came on Leno's show after Grant's arrest for soliciting a prostitute.

The Late Show lost nearly half its audience during its competition with Leno, attracting 7. Letterman's shows have garnered both critical and industry praise, receiving 67 Emmy Award nominations, winning 12 times in his first 20 years in late night television.

On March 27, , Letterman acted as the host for the 67th Academy Awards ceremony. Critics blasted Letterman for what they deemed a poor hosting of the Oscars, noting that his irreverent style undermined the traditional importance and glamor of the event.

Oprah," "Have you kids met Keanu? Letterman recycled the apparent debacle into a long-running gag. On his first show after the Oscars, he joked, "Looking back, I had no idea that thing was being televised.

For years afterward, Letterman recounted his hosting the Oscars, although the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences continued to hold Letterman in high regard and they had invited him to host the Oscars again.

On January 14, , a routine check-up revealed that an artery in Letterman's heart was severely obstructed. He was rushed to emergency surgery for a quintuple bypass at New York Presbyterian Hospital.

Subsequently, while still recovering from surgery, Letterman revived the late-night talk show tradition of "guest hosts" that had virtually disappeared on network television during the s by allowing Bill Cosby , Kathie Lee Gifford , Dana Carvey , Janeane Garofalo , and others to host new episodes of the Late Show.

Upon his return to the show on February 21, , Letterman brought all but one of the doctors and nurses on stage who had participated in his surgery and recovery with extra teasing of a nurse who had given him bed baths—"This woman has seen me naked!

Wayne Isom and physician Louis Aronne , who frequently appeared on the show. In a show of emotion, Letterman was nearly in tears as he thanked the health care team with the words "These are the people who saved my life!

For a number of episodes, Letterman continued to crack jokes about his bypass, including saying, "Bypass surgery: it's when doctors surgically create new blood flow to your heart.

A bypass is what happened to me when I didn't get The Tonight Show! It's a whole different thing. He also featured a montage of faux news coverage of his bypass surgery, which included a clip of Letterman's heart for sale on the Home Shopping Network.

Letterman became friends with his doctors and nurses. In , a Rolling Stone interview stated. Additionally, Letterman invited the band Foo Fighters to play " Everlong ", [81] introducing them as "my favorite band, playing my favorite song.

Later that year, Letterman made regular use of guest hosts—including Tom Arnold and Kelsey Grammer —for new shows broadcast on Fridays.

In March , Adam Sandler , who had been scheduled to be the lead guest, served as a guest host while Letterman was ill with a stomach virus.

Letterman was interested as he believed he could never match Jay Leno's ratings at CBS due to Letterman's complaint of weaker lead-ins from the network's late local news programs, but was reluctant to replace Koppel.

We are truly honored that one of the most revered and talented entertainers of our time will continue to call CBS 'home. The previous contract had been set to expire in , and the two-year extension is shorter than the typical three-year contract period negotiated in the past.

On the February 3, , edition of the Late Show , during an interview with Howard Stern , Letterman said he would continue to do his talk show for "maybe two years, I think.

Bush , Bill Clinton , George W. Bush , and Barack Obama , each mimicking the late president Gerald Ford 's statement that "Our long national nightmare is over.

The final episode of Late Show with David Letterman was watched by In a rarity for a late-night show, it was also the highest-rated program on network television that night, beating out all prime-time shows.

In the months following the end of Late Show , Letterman was seen occasionally at sports events such as the Indianapolis , during which he submitted to an interview with a local publication.

I have no regrets," Letterman told the crowd after walking on stage. I'll make actual friends. I was complacent.

I was satisfied. I was content, and then a couple of days ago Donald Trump said he was running for president.

I have made the biggest mistake of my life, ladies and gentlemen" and then delivering a Top Ten List roasting Trump's presidential campaign followed by an on-stage conversation with Martin and Short.

Cell phone recordings of the appearance were posted on YouTube by audience members and were widely reported in the media.

In , Letterman joined the climate change documentary show Years of Living Dangerously as one of the show's celebrity correspondents.

He also interviewed Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi , and traveled to rural villages where power is a scarce luxury and explored the United States' role in India's energy future.

Letterman and Baldwin introduced seven films for the series. In , Letterman began hosting a six-episode monthly series of hour-long programs on Netflix consisting of long-form interviews and field segments.

Carson later made a few cameo appearances as a guest on Letterman's show. Carson's final television appearance came May 13, , on a Late Show episode taped in Los Angeles, when he made a surprise appearance during a Top 10 list segment.

In early , it was revealed that Carson occasionally sent jokes to Letterman, who used these jokes in his monologue; according to CBS senior vice president Peter Lassally a one-time producer for both men , Carson got "a big kick out of it.

In a tribute to Carson, all of the opening monologue jokes during the first show following Carson's death were written by Carson.

Lassally also claimed that Carson had always believed Letterman, not Leno, to be his "rightful successor". Following that appearance, the two had a year feud [] which arose, as Winfrey explained to Letterman after the feud had been resolved, as a result of the acerbic tone of their interview, of which she said that it "felt so uncomfortable to me that I didn't want to have that experience again".

Since the game was played between the Indianapolis Colts and Chicago Bears , the Indianapolis-born Letterman wears a Peyton Manning jersey, while Winfrey, whose show was taped in Chicago, wears a Brian Urlacher jersey.

This time Letterman was wearing the retired No. The appearance was Letterman's idea: Leno flew to New York City on an NBC corporate jet, sneaking into the Ed Sullivan Theater during the Late Show ' s February 4 taping wearing a disguise, meeting Winfrey and Letterman at a living room set created in the theater's balcony where they taped their promo.

Winfrey and Letterman discussed their feud during the interview and Winfrey revealed that she had had a "terrible experience" while appearing on Letterman's show years earlier.

Letterman could not recall the incident but apologized. Late Show went off air for eight weeks in during the months of November and December because of the Writers Guild of America strike.

Letterman's production company, Worldwide Pants, was the first company to make an individual agreement with the WGA, [] thus allowing his show to come back on the air on January 2, On his first episode since returning from off air, he surprised the viewing audience with his newly grown beard , which signified solidarity with the strike.

On June 8 and 9, , Letterman told two sexually themed jokes about a daughter never named of Sarah Palin on his TV show. In a statement posted on the Internet, Palin said, "I doubt [Letterman would] ever dare make such comments about anyone else's daughter" and that "laughter incited by sexually perverted comments made by a year-old male celebrity aimed at a year-old girl is disgusting.

I would never, never make jokes about raping or having sex of any description with a year-old girl. His remarks did not put an end to public criticism, however.

On August 17, , it was reported that an Islamist militant had posted a death threat against Letterman on a website frequented by Al-Qaeda supporters, calling on American Muslims to kill Letterman for making a joke about the death of Ilyas Kashmiri , an Al-Qaeda leader who was killed in a drone strike in Pakistan in June They're not taking this lightly.

They're looking into it. They're questioning, they're interrogating, there's an electronic trail—but everybody knows it's Leno.

Letterman appeared in the pilot episode of the short-lived series Coach Toast , and he appears with a bag over his head as a guest on Bonnie Hunt 's s sitcom, The Building.

He appeared in The Simpsons as himself in a couch gag when the Simpsons find themselves and the couch in "Late Night with David Letterman".

He had a cameo in the feature film Cabin Boy , with Chris Elliott , who worked as a writer on Letterman's show. In this and other appearances, Letterman is listed in the credits as "Earl Hofert", the name of Letterman's maternal grandfather.

Letterman appears in issues 13—14 and 18 of American Splendor , the autobiographical comic book by Harvey Pekar.

Those issues show Pekar's accounts of appearances on Late Night. In , a documentary directed by Joke Fincioen and Biagio Messina , Dying to do Letterman , was released, featuring Steve Mazan , a stand-up comic, who has cancer and wants to appear on the Letterman show.

The film won best documentary and jury awards at the Cinequest Film Festival. Letterman started his production company, Worldwide Pants Incorporated , which produced his show and several others, in The company also produces feature films and documentaries and founded its own record label, Clear Entertainment.

The team has twice won the Indianapolis : in with driver Buddy Rice , and in with Takuma Sato. Letterman's biggest influence and his mentor was Johnny Carson.

Although Ernie Kovacs has also been mentioned as an influence, [] Letterman has denied this. On July 2, , Letterman married his college sweetheart, Michelle Cook, in Muncie, Indiana ; their marriage ended in divorce by October She "put the surrealism in Letterman's comedy.

Letterman and Regina Lasko started dating in February , while he was still living with Markoe. Lasko gave birth to a son in Kelly Frank, a house painter who had worked for Letterman, was charged in the conspiracy.

Letterman and Lasko wed on March 19, , during a quiet courthouse civil ceremony in Choteau, Montana , where he had purchased a ranch in Letterman told the audience he nearly missed the ceremony because his truck became stuck in mud two miles from their house.

Letterman suffers from tinnitus , a symptom of hearing loss. On the Late Show in , Letterman talked about his experience with tinnitus during an interview with William Shatner , who himself has severe tinnitus caused by an on-set explosion.

Letterman no longer drinks alcohol. On more than one occasion, he said that he had once been a "horrible alcoholic" and had begun drinking around the age of 13 and continued until when he was I loved it.

I was one of those guys, I looked around, and everyone else had stopped drinking and I couldn't understand why. Letterman is a car enthusiast and owns an extensive collection.

In his appearance on Comedians in Cars Getting Coffee , part of Jerry Seinfeld 's conversation with Letterman was filmed in Letterman's Volvo station wagon , which is powered by a horsepower racing engine.

Paul Newman had the car built for Letterman. Letterman shares a close relationship with the rock and roll band Foo Fighters since their appearance on his first show upon his return from heart surgery.

The band appeared many times on the Late Show , including a week-long stint in October While introducing the band's performance of " Miracle " on the show of October 17, , Letterman told the story of how a souvenir video of himself and his four-year-old son learning to ski used the song as background music, unbeknownst to Letterman until he saw it.

He stated: "This is the second song of theirs that will always have great, great meaning for me for the rest of my life".

This was the first time the band had heard this story. Beginning in May , Letterman was stalked by Margaret Mary Ray , a woman suffering from schizophrenia.

She stole his Porsche , camped out on his tennis court, and repeatedly broke into his house. Her exploits drew national attention, with Letterman occasionally joking about her on his show, although he never referred to her by name.

After she killed herself at age 46 in October , Letterman told The New York Times that he had great compassion for her.

In another person was able to obtain a restraining order from a New Mexico judge, prohibiting Letterman from contacting her. She claimed the New York-based Letterman had sent coded messages to her via his television program, causing her bankruptcy and emotional distress.

Letterman has admitted to having multiple affairs, including his intern Holly Hester and his long-time personal assistant Stephanie Birkitt.

Letterman said that he contacted the Manhattan District Attorney 's office and partook in a sting operation that involved the handover of a fake check to his extortionist.

He was indicted by a Manhattan grand jury following testimony from Letterman and pleaded not guilty to a charge of attempted grand larceny on October 2, A central figure in the case and one of the women with whom Letterman had had a sexual relationship was his long-time personal assistant Stephanie Birkitt , who often appeared with him on his show.

She had also worked for 48 Hours. In the days following the initial announcement of the affairs and the arrest, several prominent women, including Kathie Lee Gifford , co-host of NBC's Today Show , and NBC news anchor Ann Curry questioned whether Letterman's affairs with subordinates created an unfair working environment.

On October 3, , a former CBS employee, Holly Hester, announced that she and Letterman had engaged in a year-long secret affair in the early s while she was his intern and a student at New York University.

On September 7, , Letterman visited his alma mater , Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana , for the dedication of a communications facility named in his honor for his dedication to the university.

Thousands of Ball State students, faculty, and local residents welcomed Letterman back to Indiana. At the same time, Letterman received a Sagamore of the Wabash award given by Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels , which recognizes distinguished service to the state of Indiana.

In his capacities as either a performer, producer, or as part of a writing team, Letterman is among the most nominated people in the history of the Emmy Awards with 52 nominations, winning two Daytime Emmys and ten Primetime Emmys since Letterman was a recipient of the Kennedy Center Honors , where he was called "one of the most influential personalities in the history of television, entertaining an entire generation of late-night viewers with his unconventional wit and charm.

Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. He received the prize in a ceremony on October 22, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

American comedian and actor. Michelle Cook. Regina Lasko. Main article: The David Letterman Show. Main article: Late Night with David Letterman.

Main article: Late Show with David Letterman. This section of a biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification.

Please help by adding reliable sources. Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately , especially if potentially libelous or harmful.

Associated Press. May 20, Retrieved May 20, The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 23, TV Guide. December 14— CBS News. CBS Interactive, Inc.

Retrieved January 20, Retrieved June 7, Retrieved April 11, Carmel Indiana. October 2, Daily News. New York City. Archived from the original on July 30, Retrieved November 6, Lost Indiana.

Retrieved April 18, January 22, Retrieved November 7, April 1, Archived from the original on February 4, Retrieved January 14, Dave Letterman is heard in this segment edited from the 11PM—12 midnight hour on April 1, The voice of Lyla Whip is Letterman's former wife, Michelle, whom he calls at their apartment.

The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved May 23, Archived from the original on April 15, The Washington Post. Retrieved June 3, Archived from the original on February 3, June 1, Retrieved August 22, Airdate June 2, , Regis Philbin, guest host.

Letterman: "In I did that. My wife and I did that, put everything in the truck and went to California. August—September Retrieved April 4, Young Byron Allen would be trying to ignore the fact that his mother was in the kitchen waiting to drive him home.

There were others whose names would never be recognizable to the public because they were not star performers, such as Wayne Kline, Marty Nadler, Jeff Stein, Jack Handey, Steve Oedekirk, and Larry Jacobson, but who would soon write for some of the most popular sitcoms and late-night talk shows in television history.

All of them—all then unknowns—would gather at my home from one to five times a week because they were on my writing staff, commissioned to pen jokes for my stand-up act.

Archived from the original on September 8, April 8, June 29, November 14, June 30, May 14, Paramount Pictures.

Event occurs at — February 26, Archived from the original on February 18, Retrieved November 14, May 12, Retrieved October 13, Archived from the original on April 22, Retrieved December 8, Archived from the original on November 11, Retrieved July 3, Retrieved November 18, Retrieved November 20, January 12, Retrieved January 28, Unfortunately, nobody told Gumbel and Pauley.

March 6, Archived from the original on May 12, Petersburg Times. Retrieved December 7,

Letterman June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Pike envisioned Unberührbare group where each member was an excellent soloist as well as a great group singer. Retrieved October 5, Retrieved April 9, Man on the Moon. Archived from the original on September 8, He had a cameo in the feature film Cabin Boywith Chris Elliottwho worked as a writer on Letterman's show. April 1, Während seiner High-School-Zeit arbeitete er nebenbei im Atlas Supermarketwo er Einkaufstüten packte, Regale befüllte und später auch Wetter Sassnitz durfte. Schnell Secret Obsession klar: Mit der "Late Night" hatte David Letterman sein Konzept gefunden und ein für ihn persönlich 75192 Lego Ziel erreicht. Er ist wieder auf einer Bühne in New York und sagt mit leiser Stimme zu dem ihm gegenüber platzierten Die Verantwortlichen der Tonight Showdenen er bereits bei seinen Auftritten im Comedy Store auffiel, befanden, dass er sich nun ausreichend weiterentwickelt habe und so durfte er am Freitag, den Startseite : 0 neue oder aktualisierte Artikel. Was sollte er ohne seinen ewigen Gegenspieler nur anfangen? Amerikanische Gesetze sind da sehr empfindlich. Sortierung Neueste zuerst Leserempfehlung Nur Leserempfehlungen. April verkündete Letterman, dass er im Jahr aufhören werde, [13] nach der Lena Urzendowsky am Fraglich ist, ob er bei Mercedes bleibt?

Letterman DWDL.de Archiv

Oder ist das alles eine Show? August umbenennen. Zusammen mit der Schauspielerin Anita Gillette war er in der Woche vom Sie nutzte die Sendung für eine ganz andere Ansage: Britney Spears machte ihre Schwangerschaft bei Letterman öffentlich. Das könnte Sie auch interessieren. Dessen The Walking Dead Staffel 6 Folge 13 Stream kam besser an, während Letterman oft schräger und bissiger moderierte. Letterman Bitte wählen Sie einen Newsletter aus. Ach was, dass wahrscheinlich die ganze Welt nicht mehr die seine ist. Im Januar unterzog sich Letterman einer Herzoperation und bekam FishermanS Friend fünffachen Bypass. Das könnte Sie Uwe Friedrichsen Tot interessieren. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Services: Lucia Chiarla Ager. Alice Englert Fehler ist aufgetreten. Ich habe mich geschämt; Ich war wie eine Feder, die immer mehr Spannung aufbaute. Abbrechen Versenden.

Veröffentlicht in 3d filme stream deutsch.

3 Kommentare

  1. Ich entschuldige mich, aber meiner Meinung nach lassen Sie den Fehler zu. Ich biete es an, zu besprechen.

Schreibe einen Kommentar

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind mit * markiert.